May 3, 2019 news
It is connected to reduced life expectancy, mental health and chronic stress levels of populations.
Exclusion by Socio-Economic Group occurs when individuals are denied access to services or participation in governed spaces based on their identity or belonging to a particular group. Socio-economic position defines groups based on attributes of wealth, occupation or other economic circumstances such as owning property. Exclusion of these groups occurs when, for example, those who are not property owners are restricted from voting, or when fees associated with justice, health or education are set at a rate that is unaffordable for poorer individuals.
V-Dem’s exclusion by Socio-Economic Group Index picks up changes occurring in the past 10 years. The graph above visualizes these changes. Countries above the diagonal line have experienced improvements and hence a decrease in exclusion by socio-economic group while countries below the line have seen declines and an increase in the level of exclusion by socio-economic group. Improvements have taken place in for example Jordan, Peru and Guyana, while declines registers in Croatia, Brazil and Mongolia.
What are the secondary effects of exclusion by socio-economic group? And why is it important? Our upcoming blogpost on Friday, 10th May will investigate this in greater detail.