April 24, 2019 news
Providing preferential treatment to certain ethnic groups in educational settings; disallowing migrants and refugees their rights to protection; failing to recognize certain groups of people as citizens based on their ethnicity and/or religious affiliations. These are various forms of exclusion in the world today. The second blog post looks into the exclusion of social groups.
Social group refers to groups within a country that are differentiated by caste, ethnicity, language, race, region, religion, migration status or some combination thereof. Social group identities do not exist in isolation. They are a product of varying legal frameworks, social interactions and relationships, as well as by norms and customs in different societies. The strength of social groups varies across countries and through time.
V-Dem’s Exclusion by Social Group index picked up changes occurring in the past 10 years. The graph above visualizes these changes, highlighting three countries where this type of exclusion has decreased and the situation thus improved (the Gambia, Malaysia, and Tunisia – above the diagonal line), as well as three societies where exclusion was greater to begin with in 2008, and had gotten worse by 2018 (Bangladesh, Paraguay, and Turkey – below the diagonal line).
How does exclusion by social group transpire in different parts of the world and what are the consequences of this form of exclusion? Our upcoming blogpost on Friday, 26thApril will investigate this in greater detail.