April 9, 2019 news
153 years – is what the World Economic Forum (WEF) estimates is needed to close the gender gap in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The coming blog post on “Exclusion” will look at exclusion by gender.
Great strides have been made to close the gender gap. But how uniform are they around the world? The data suggests not so much.
The WEF’s Gender Gap Index (GGI) calculates the gender gap between men and women. Countries are scored between 0% to 100% where 100% suggests the gender gap has been successfully closed. The global average in 2018 was 68%. Western Europe scored the highest with 75.8% while the MENA region fared the worst at 60.2%.
V-Dem’s exclusion by gender index also picks up these differences. This index investigates the extent to which access to public services, state jobs, state business opportunities and civil liberties are made available to individuals in countries based on their gender. It is measured on a scale of 0 to 1, where 0 indicates no exclusion by gender and 1, a high level of exclusion based on gender.
The exclusion by gender of the lowest performing MENA countries are graphically represented above with the exclusion levels of the top four countries according the GGI. The exclusion levels experienced in these MENA countries today are higher than that experienced by the top four countries in 1900!
What are the reasons behind these contrasting levels and how do these differences transpire in the everyday lives of women living in the MENA countries? Our upcoming blog post will explore this in greater detail.